Tulip tree (Liriodendron tulipifera)
"This beautiful tree is a joy to behold at any season of the year. Its bare gray branches outlined against the winter sky impress one with their vigor of growth and sturdy health, and when the warmer days and April showers swell the buds, and the tiny young leaves appear, the tree bursts into its supreme glory. […] The tuliptree is the only member of the genus Liriodendron in America, though a closely related species flourishes in central China, these two being the sole survivors of the Cretaceous Period, when members of the genus were widely distributed in America and Europe."
This illustration and the description are from "North American wild flowers" by Mary Vaux Walcott. (Published by The Smithsonian Institution, 1925)