Cucumber tree (Magnolia acumunata)
"In all parts of the United States where this tree is found, it is known only by the name of Cucumber Tree. […] The cones or fruit are about three inches long, eight or ten inches in diameter, of nearly a cylindrical shape, and often a little larger at the upper end than at the base. They are convex on one side and concave on the other; and when green they nearly resemble a young cucumber, whence the tree has derived its name. The cells are arranged as in the other species of this genus, and each of them contains one rose-colored seed, which, before it escapes, remains suspended, like those of the Great and Small Magnolias."
This illustration and the description are from volume two of "The North American sylva ; or, A description of the forest trees of the United States, Canada, and Nova Scotia ... to which is added a description of the most useful of the European forest trees," by François André Michaux, 1770-1855 (Published by D. Rice and A. N. Hart, 1859-1865)